State responsibility and sovereignty

  • State immunities

    Represented various States and State entities in numerous disputes involving sovereign immunities from jurisdiction and exectution.

  • International sanctions and embargoes

    Provided legal representation and advice in numerous litigations and arbitrations involving the consequences over the performance of ongoing contracts of international sanctions, commercial embargoes, asset freezes and other financial measures enacted by the United Nations Security Council, the European Union and various States (in particular USA, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Switzerland etc.) in respect of armed conflicts or threats to international peace and security.

  • Force majeure, armed conflicts, revolutions and civil disorders

    Provided, for over thirty years, legal representation and advice in numerous litigations and arbitrations involving the suspension or the non-performance of international contracts, owing to force majeure circumstances, in particular within armed conflicts, civil unrest or revolutions. Since 2010, our firm has handled a number of cases in relation to the Arab springs.

  • Trial of the exportations of contaminated blood

    Represented an Arab State against one of the largest pharmaceutical groups in the world in a litigation of an outstanding importance, involving the exportation of contaminated blood (factor VIII) which caused thousands of people contracting HIV/AIDS. After seven years of proceedings, our firm obtained the formal recognition by the Court of Appeal of Lyon (France) that the pharmaceutical group had exported and sold contaminated blood for several months, without performing any heating or control of the blood and in full knowledge of the high risks attached to this product.

  • International sanctions and embargoes

    Represented the Ministry of Defense of a North African State against a European manufacturer in a 200 million dollars ICC arbitration in relation to the rescission, upon the introduction of international sanctions, of a public market for the provision of over 2.650 trucks and military equipement.

  • State representation (Gulf)

    Represented a State of the Arab Gulf against an Italian construction company in an ICC arbitration in relation to the construction, under a FIDIC-based contract, of the headquarters of the national fund for Arab economic development.

  • State representation (Gulf)

    Represented the Ministry of Public Works of a State of the Arab Gulf against an Italian construction company in an ICC arbitration in relation to the construction, under a FIDIC-based contract, of highways and bridges.

  • State representation (North Africa)

    Represented a North African State against an international consortium registered in Switzerland in a 150 million euros ad hoc arbitration governed by the UNCITRAL rules and involving the construction of roads, street lighting, sewage and water treatment infrastructures. This arbitration gave raise to the first application ever of the bilateral investment treaty (BIT) between the host State and the investor's State (Switzerland).

  • State representation (North Africa)

    Represented a North African State against a German manufacturer in a 130 million dollars ad hoc arbitration sited in Paris and governed by the UNCITRAL rules, in relation to the alleged destruction of industrial facilities during civil and military unrest. This arbitration involved the provisions of the bilateral investment treaty (BIT) between the host State and the investor's State (Germany).

  • State representation (North Africa)

    Represented a North African State against an Italian industrial group in an international arbitration of an outstanding complexity, in relation to the construction of one of the largest industrial harbours on the Mediterranean. The arbitration involved both the performance and the modification of the public market. Our firm was successful in obtaining, on the ground of the FIDIC clauses and of the national administrative law, that the contractor be held liable for construction defects and the abandonment of the building site. Our firm also successfully obtained the dismissal of all the requests for revision and annulment filed by the contractor against the arbitral awards rendered in this case.

  • State representation (North Africa)

    Represented the Ministry of Health of a North African State against a North American consortium, in an ICC arbitration sited in Paris in relation to the construction of a public hospital in the capital and involving, inter alia, a violation of the mandatory provisions of the national law on public procurement.

  • State representation (North Africa)

    Advised a North African State against a French construction company in an international litigation in relation to the performance of a contract for the construction of schools throughout the country.

  • International sanctions (air embargoes)

    Represented the national airline of a North African State against a French airline in a IATA arbitration sited in Montreal and governed by French law, in relation to the rescission, upon the introduction of international sanctions, of several contracts for the maintenance of airliners, the delivery of spare parts and the provision of air crews. This arbitration, of an outstanding complexity owing to the duration of the contracts that were in force for over twenty years, gave raise to substantial procedural debates, notably on matters of arbitrability and admissibility. After obtaining the issuance of several partial awards and the rejection of all the requests for annulment filed by the opposing party before the Canadian Courts, our firm successfully negotiated an amicable settlement in favour of our client. This case gave raise to further developments involving enforcement and aircraft attachments, which were also successfully handled by our firm.